Dental Hygiene

Dental hygiene  is all about taking care of oral hygiene. It encompasses numerous dental diseases and their remedies. Bleeding gums, dental abscess, dysplasia, swollen and receding gums are the most common dental ailments. Tooth discoloration, oral cancer, and mandobulofacial dysostosis are also the dental diseases that are source of pain among the people of all ages in the united states.

Despite all factors, dental diseases are broadly categorized as gum diseases, dry mouth, tooth decay, dentures and oral cancer. All these dental ailments have different treatments but following some simple remedies can easily save from these dental problems.

Symptoms of Common Dental Diseases

The most common gum diseases include the symptoms like bleeding, bad breath, pus between gums and teeth, puffy and red gums, and separation of teeth from gums etc.  The early indications of cavities appear in the form of white spots which gradually turn to brown and finally become dark. When you feel tooth pain, sensitivity to cold and heat, swallowing and painful glands in neck, get yourself examined for abscessed tooth. In case of permanent sore throat, burning sensation, difficulty in swallowing or problem in speaking, dry nasal cavities or hoarseness are indications for dry mouth. Clenching of jaw or teeth grinding include the symptoms like sore jaw, headache, sensitivity to cold or heat etc. oral cancer has symptoms like persistent pain, numbness or tenderness anywhere on the lips or inside the mouth cavity, small eroded or rough spots, a hunk  thickness, color changes, difficulty in speaking, swallowing, chewing or moving tongue or jaws.

Causes of Common Dental Problems

Most of the dental diseases arise due to paying inappropriate attention to dental hygiene . Bad breath commonly arises due to infection in gums. Pathogens are the major reason for gum bleeding.  Bleeding of gums can also occur due to due to allergic reactions, injuries, infections in gums, scarcity of vitamin C that weakens the gums and cancerous conditions like leukemia. Tooth decay is the most common reason for dental abscess.  Abscess can also be due to injury to teeth from a fall or bacterial infections in the cavities and between gums and teeth.

Treatments of Dental Syndromes

United States is one of the countries in the world where almost every kind of treatment is provided and special attention is paid to remedy research. Like other areas of medical treatments, dental diseases are also treated with the same preference. The most common prescription for dental abscesses is antibiotics, particularly in the case of lymph gland swelling and fever. If periapical abscesses is diagnosed, then root canal therapy is the ultimate treatment.

Teeth whitening is a very important component of dental hygiene .  Discolorations of the teeth not only disbeautify the face but the smile too. OTC whitening agents, veneers bondings, flossing and proper brushing are dental hygiene  solutions to deal with tooth discoloration.

Root planning and scaling treatments for periodontal diseases. Despite of these non-surgrical techniques, severe cases of dental disorders are treated with periodontal surgeries. Soft tissue grafts, regenrative procedures, pocket reduction and crown lengthening are the techniques employed for periodontal surgery cases. Recentl research in the field of dental hygiene  has made the use of laser possible in the surgerical treatments of dental diseases. The use of laser has not only made the surgery easy but has also facilitated the surgens to conduct bleeding-free and infection-free surgeries.

Oral cancer is initially treated through biopsy. If the doctor diagnoses lesion in the patient’s mouth, the probable advice is the removal through surgery. It is possible to treat oral cancer with surgery alone in the initial stages, but in advanced stages, surgery combined with radiation becomes the most plausible treatment.

Prevention of Dental Diseases

It is a famous proverb that “Prevention is better than cure”. This is exactly true. This is very easy to prevent the painful and money-spending dental diseases. This is possible by following some easy to adopt preventive measures. Almost all dental diseases are controllable. These diseases can be controlled by following three steps, which are, controlling bacterial growth on teeth, enabling teeth to fight against decay and changing the dietary habits.

Dental hygiene become easy and effective if the growth of bacteria is controlled. These bacteria produce certain acids in the mouth that damages the enamel of the teeth and make them prone to decay. For this purpose, one should brush his teeth properly, preferably according to the method advised by the dentists and should use toothpaste rich with fluoride because it helps preventing decay. Not only the teeth but the tongue and the inner walls of the cheeks should also be cleaned to prevent the growth of bacteria in the mouth to the maximum extent.

The teeth are more resistant to decay if they come in contact with the acids to the minimum extent. This can be accomplished through brushing the teeth or washing the oral cavity with water to minimize the food particles in the mouth. These food particles produce acids on decaying which damage the calcium and fluoride of the teeth.

The third way is to avoid harmful diet. Foods rich in sugar are major reasons for various tooth problems. So the intake of these sugary foods should be reduced to the minimum possible extent.

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